Fracking or hydraulic fracturing means pumping thousands of gallons of water, mixed with tons of toxic chemicals and sand, deep underground under extreme pressure to crack oil or gas bearing rock in order to set free those fossil fuel resources.
The notion of producing even more climate-toxic fossil fuels, especially with such a high-risk method like fracking, is rejected by many people worldwide. They demand the implementation of the necessary climate change targets and therefore stress the need for a quick exit from an economy based on fossil fuels and a fast development of renewable energy forms, backed by an improvement in energy efficiency.
Nevertheless, the global oil and gas industry and some governments somehow still hold on to the fossil fuel economy model, never minding the imminent climate change, the proven risks and hazards of fracking for water resources and health, the unresolved problems of getting rid of the industrial waste in an environmentally suitable fashion and the social and ecologic conflicts involved.
Learn more about fracking, fossil fuel geology, and technical developments: Fracking explainedby