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Environmental Public Health Dimensions of Shale and Tight Gas Development

In this review the authors find evidence of potential environmental public health risks associated with shale gas development. Several studies suggest that shale gas development contributes to ambient air concentrations of pollutants known to be associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality.
Similarly, an increasing body of studies suggest that water contamination risks exist through a variety of environmental pathways, most notably during wastewater transport and disposal, and via poor zonal isolation of gases and fluids due to structural integrity impairment of cement in gas wells.
Despite a growing body of evidence, data gaps persist. Most important, there is a need for more epidemiological studies to assess associations between risk factors, such as air and water pollution, and health outcomes among populations living in close proximity to shale gas operations.

Bibliography:
Seth B.C. Shonkoff, Jake Hays, and Madelon L. Finkel
Environmental Public Health Dimensions of Shale and Tight Gas Development
Environmental Health Perspectives, volume 122, number 8, August 2014, published online Jul 22, 2014

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