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South Africa

Climate Change Vulnerability for South African Aquifers


“South Africa is viewed as a water-stressed country with an average annual rainfall of 500 mm and any climatic change could have adverse impacts on water resources of the country. The potential impacts of climate change on water resources and surface hydrology for Africa and Southern Africa have received considerable attention from hydrologists during the past decade. Very little research has been conducted on the future impact of climate change on groundwater resources in South Africa. Climate change can affect groundwater levels, recharge and groundwater contribution to baseflow. To assess these impacts a climate change vulnerability index was developed. This vulnerability-index method is known as the DART index.




Aquifer vulnerability South Africa:



Aquifer Susceptibility South Africa:



Karoo Basin Aquifer:

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Karoo Basin Shematic XSection:

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National Parks South-Africa:

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Karoo National Park


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Camdeboo National Park


Tankwa National Park


Mountain Zebra National Park:

Addo National Park:





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