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Nature protection areas and national parks

Screenshot_20120307_214442Interactive Mapping Service of all Nature Protection Areas in Germany – provided by the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (Bundesamt für Naturschutz)

Nature Conservation Areas of Germany (Related links and further informations per federal state)
Nature conservation areas (Naturschutzgebiete) are defined in art. 23 para. 1 of Germany’s Federal Nature Conservation Act (BNatSchG) as “areas that have been designated in a legally binding manner and in which the special protection of nature and landscape as a whole, or of individual parts thereof, is required for the following reasons:

1. in order to conserve, develop or restore living sites, biotopes or communities of certain species of wild fauna and flora,
2. for reasons of science, natural history or national heritage, or
3. because of their rarity, special characteristics or outstanding beauty.”

Most nature conservation areas are designated by authorities in charge of nature conservation at regional government level, although some are created by state (Länder) or local government-level authorities. Their charter takes the form of an order (Erlass or Verordnung) issued under delegated legislative powers. Within such areas, regional planning is required to give priority to nature conservation. Along with national parks, they make up a considerable share of the land area dedicated to maintaining biodiversity in Germany.”

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