Tag Archive: teratogenicity

Exposure to Glycol Ethers and Neurocognitive Abilities in 6-Year-Old Children: The PELAGIE Cohort Study

Glycol ethers are organic solvents which are widely used in cosmetics and cleaning agents, but also – in huge quantities – for drilling and for hydraulic fracturing. The results of this investigation suggest that prenatal exposure to glycol ethers can affect neurodevelopment, particularly the development of cognitive abilities in young people. Abstract Background: Glycol ethers …

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Permanent link to this article: http://frack-free.rocks/exposure-to-glycol-ethers-and-neurocognitive-abilities-in-6-year-old-children-the-pelagie-cohort-study/

Unconventional Natural Gas Development and Birth Outcomes in Pennsylvania, USA

Prenatal residential exposure to unconventional natural gas development activity in Pennsylvania was associated with two pregnancy outcomes (preterm birth and physician-recorded high-risk pregnancy identified from the problem list), adding to evidence that unconventional natural gas development may impact health. Bibliography: Casey JA, Savitz DA, Rasmussen SG, Ogburn EL, Pollak J, Mercer DG, Schwartz BS Unconventional …

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Permanent link to this article: http://frack-free.rocks/unconventional-natural-gas-development-and-birth-outcomes-in-pennsylvania-usa/

Perinatal Outcomes and Unconventional Natural Gas Operations in Southwest Pennsylvania

This study investigated the association of proximity to unconventional gas development sites (UGD) in the Marcellus Shale formation and perinatal outcomes in a retrospective cohort study of 15,451 live births in Southwest Pennsylvania from 2007–2010. Key findings: There was no significant association of proximity and density of UGD with prematurity. Comparison of the most to …

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Permanent link to this article: http://frack-free.rocks/perinatal-outcomes-and-unconventional-natural-gas-operations-in-southwest-pennsylvania/

Air toxics and birth defects: a Bayesian hierarchical approach to evaluate multiple pollutants and spina bifida

While there is evidence that maternal exposure to benzene is associated with spina bifida in offspring, to our knowledge there have been no assessments to evaluate the role of multiple hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) simultaneously on the risk of this relatively common birth defect. In the current study, we evaluated the association between maternal exposure …

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Permanent link to this article: http://frack-free.rocks/air-toxics-and-birth-defects-a-bayesian-hierarchical-approach-to-evaluate-multiple-pollutants-and-spina-bifida/

Shale Gas Development and Infant Health: Evidence from Pennsylvania

This research exploits the introduction of shale gas wells in Pennsylvania in response to growing controversy around the drilling method of hydraulic fracturing. Using detailed location data on maternal address and GIS coordinates of gas wells, this study examines singleton births to mothers residing close to a shale gas well from 2003-2010 in Pennsylvania. The …

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Permanent link to this article: http://frack-free.rocks/shale-gas-development-and-infant-health-evidence-from-pennsylvania/

Maternal Exposure to Ambient Levels of Benzene and Neural Tube Defects among Offspring

Mothers living in census tracts with the highest benzene levels (0.9 – 2.33 ppbv) were 2.3 times more likely to have offspring with spina bifida than were women living in census tracts with the lowest levels (odds ratio = 2.30; 95% confidence interval, 1.22–4.33). No significant associations were observed between anencephaly and benzene or between …

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Permanent link to this article: http://frack-free.rocks/maternal-exposure-to-ambient-levels-of-benzene-and-neural-tube-defects-among-offspring/

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