Tag Archive: water use

Potential water resource impacts of hydraulic fracturing from unconventional oil production in the Bakken shale

This study presents a critical review of potential water resource impacts due to deterministic (freshwater withdrawals and produced water management) and probabilistic events (spills due to leaking pipelines and truck accidents) related to UOP from the Bakken shale in ND. Key points: Summary of Bakken shale members and Williston basin. Water footprint and water contamination …

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Permanent link to this article: http://frack-free.rocks/potential-water-resource-impacts-of-hydraulic-fracturing-from-unconventional-oil-production-in-the-bakken-shale/

Quantity of flowback and produced waters from unconventional oil and gas exploration

Key findings: Estimated flowback and produced water volume from unconventional oil and gas wells is 1.7 to 14.3 million liters per well. Only a small fraction (4-8%) of the flowback and produced waters is composed of returned injected hydraulic fracturing fluids. The majority (92-96%) of flowback and produced waters is composed of naturally occurring formation …

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Permanent link to this article: http://frack-free.rocks/quantity-of-flowback-and-produced-waters-from-unconventional-oil-and-gas-exploration/

Managing the Increasing Water Footprint of Hydraulic Fracturing

Scheme: Water use in hydraulic fracturing.

The water footprint of oil production, including water used for hydraulic fracturing (HF) and flowback-produced (FP) water, is increasingly important in terms of HF water sourcing and FP water management. This study evaluates trends in HF water use relative to supplies and FP water relative to disposal using well by well analysis in the Bakken …

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Permanent link to this article: http://frack-free.rocks/managing-the-increasing-water-footprint-of-hydraulic-fracturing/

Fracking by the numbers

Cover "Fracking by the numbers"

Author(s): Elizabeth Ridlington, Frontier Group, and John Rumpler, Environment America Research & Policy Center Date: 10.2013 Published by: Environment America Research & Policy Center Summary: “Over the past decade, the oil and gas industry has fused two technologies—hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling—in a highly polluting effort to unlock oil and gas in underground rock formations …

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Permanent link to this article: http://frack-free.rocks/fracking-by-the-numbers/

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